Ukraine declares martial law after Russia attacks military ships
Ukraine braced for war Monday as its president warned of a potential Russian invasion in the wake of Sunday’s attack on three Ukrainian military ships.
President Petro Poroshenko told the Ukrainian Parliament that intelligence pointed to “a highly serious threat of a ground operation against Ukraine.”
He didn’t elaborate while asking the Supreme Rada to impose martial law for 30 days, but insisted that his request “doesn’t mean declaring a war.”
“It is introduced with the sole purpose of boosting Ukraine’s defense in the light of a growing aggression from Russia,” he said in the capital city of Kiev.
The escalating crisis came amid international outrage over the incident in the Kerch Strait, with European Council President Donald Tusk condemning Russia’s “use of force” and demanding it “return Ukrainian sailors, vessels and refrain from further provocations….”
Following an emergency meeting with Ukrainian ambassadors in Brussels, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg also repeatedly warned that “Russia has to understand that its actions have consequences.”
Ukraine’s navy has said Russia captured 24 crew members, including six who were wounded when their ships came under fire off Crimea.
Russia invaded Crimea and annexed it from Ukraine, a former Soviet republic, in 2014 and about 10,000 people have been killed in ongoing fighting between Ukrainian forces and Russian-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine since then.
During an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council, US Ambassador Nikki Haley accused Russia of committing “outlaw actions” that were making a “normal relationship” between Washington and Moscow “impossible.” …
…President Trump is scheduled to meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin this week at the G-20 summit in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov accused Ukraine on Monday of violating international law by failing to get permission before its ships headed into the Kerch Strait, which connects the Black Sea with the Sea of Azov. …
A 2003 treaty [signed by Putin] designates both the Kerch Strait and the Sea of Azov as territorial waters shared by Russia and Ukraine.
But Russia has sought to assert greater control over the narrow passage since seizing Crimea, and this year opened a 12-mile bridge that links the former Ukrainian peninsula with Russia. …..
Poroshenko said 10 of Ukraine’s 27 regions — the ones most likely to bear the brunt of a potential Russian strike — would be subject to martial law.
Areas of martial law in Ukraine.
Details on the extent of the crackdown were unclear on Monday, with measures including a partial mobilization and strengthening of air defenses and vaguely worded plans for stronger anti-terrorism efforts and “information security.”
The move, which was overwhelmingly approved by lawmakers following five hours of debate, marked the first time martial law has been declared in Ukraine.
Article Source :https://www.studentnewsdaily.com/daily-news-article/ukraine-declares-martial-law-after-russia-attacks-military-ships/
ImageSource: https://www.studentnewsdaily.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/kerch-strait-820x461.jpg" class="img-thumbnail" alt="Ukraine declares martial law after Russia attacks military ships
1.Declare/verb : say something in a solemn and emphatic manner.
2.Parliament/noun : (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
3.Martial law /noun : military government involving the suspension of ordinary law.
4.Intelligence/ noun : the ability to acquire and apply knowledge and skills.
5.elaborate /adjective : involving many carefully arranged parts or details; detailed and complicated in design and planning.
6.Aggression /noun : hostile or violent behavior or attitudes toward another; readiness to attack or confront.
7.Condemn /verb :express complete disapproval of, typically in public; censure.
8.Provocation /noun : action or speech that makes someone annoyed or angry, especially deliberately.
9.Invade /verb : (of an armed force or its commander) enter (a ｃountry or region) so as to subjugate or occupy it.
10.Potential/adjective : having or showing the capacity to become or develop into something in the future.
1. Name the presidents of Russia and Ukraine.
2. a) For what reason did the president of Ukraine ask parliament to impose martial law?
b) What is martial law?
c) For how long and where will martial law be imposed?
3. How are world leaders reacting to Russia’s attack on and seizure of Ukrainian military vessels?
4. a) What accusation did Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov make against Ukraine?
b) Why is Lavrov’s accusation not valid?